Impersonal report structures are commonly found in reports and newspapers when we want to distance ourselves from information which is not necessarily our opinion.
Reporting with The Passive:
– it + passive + that-clause
eg. It is believed that an assassination attempt was made on the president.
Other verbs used with this structure are: accept, agree, allege, claim, consider,
expect, feel, know, predict, say, suggest, think, understand.
– subject + passive + infinitive with to
eg. Knife crime is said to be on the increase in the western suburbs.
Other verbs used with this structure are: believe, consider, find, know, think.
– there + passive + infinitive with to
eg. There is expected to be more unrest in the city centre following the president’s decision.
Other verbs used with this structure are: allege, believe, claim, estimate, find, rumour, say, think.
Reporting with ‘seem’ and ‘appear’
– ‘seem’ and ‘appear’ are not used in the passive.
– we can use a that-clause after It seems/It appears.
– we can use an infinitive with to after seem/appear.
eg. It seems that nobody witnessed the crime.
People appear to be dissatisfied with the support they have received from the government.